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Blackjack Strategy Types – The Basic & Advanced

Blackjack Strategy Types

Blackjack, also known as 21, is one of the most popular casino games in the world. It is a card game played against the dealer, and the objective is to have a hand value of 21 or as close to 21 as possible without going over. So to be successful at blackjack, it is essential to understand and implement the correct strategy. This essay will explore basic and advanced strategies for playing blackjack.

The first step in developing a blackjack strategy is to learn the game’s basic rules. The basic rules of blackjack include understanding the value of the cards, when to hit when to stand, when to split, and when to double down. It is also essential to understand the dealer’s rules, such as when the dealer must hit or stand.

Basic Strategy

The basic strategy for blackjack is based on mathematical calculations and probability. This strategy involves making the best possible decision in any given situation based on the cards that have been dealt and the dealer’s upcard. Several basic strategy charts are available, which provide the optimal decision for every possible hand. These charts can be found online or in books on blackjack strategy.

The basic strategy chart assumes that the player will always make the best possible decision based on the cards that have been dealt. However, the basic strategy chart assumes that the player is playing with a single deck of cards. In most casinos, the player will play with multiple card decks. So this means that the player must consider the number of decks used when using the basic strategy chart.

For example, if the player is playing with six decks, the chart must be adjusted accordingly. One way to do this is to use a “true count” system. This involves keeping track of the cards that have been dealt and adjusting the basic strategy chart accordingly. 

Gestion de la bankroll

Bankroll management iconAnother important aspect of basic strategy is bankroll management. Blackjack is a game of strategy and skill, but it is also a game of luck. The player must have enough money to cover the cost of the bets and to have enough left over to cover any potential losses. The player should also have a set amount that they are willing to lose before quitting the game.

Advanced Strategies

Once the player has mastered the basic strategy, they can begin to explore advanced strategies. One advanced strategy is card counting. Card counting is a technique that involves keeping track of the cards that have been dealt in order to determine the composition of the remaining deck. This information can be used to make more informed decisions about how to play the hand.

There are several different card counting systems, each with its own level of difficulty and effectiveness. The most basic card counting system is the Hi-Lo system. This system assigns a value of +1 to each low card (2-6) and a value of -1 to each high card (10-A). The player keeps a running count of the cards and uses this information to make decisions about how to play the hand.

Hi-Lo system

The Hi-Lo system is a great starting point for learning card counting, but it is not the only option. There are many more advanced card counting systems that have been developed, such as the Zen count, the Hi-Opt 1, and the Hi-Opt 2. Each of these systems is more complex than the Hi-Lo system, but they also offer a greater level of accuracy.

Shuffle Tracking

Another advanced strategy is Shuffle Tracking. This is a technique that involves keeping track of the order of the cards in the deck after the cards have been shuffled. The player uses this information to determine when certain cards are likely to appear in the deck.

Red Seven Count

The Red Seven Count is a card counting system used in the game of blackjack. Like other card counting systems, it is used to track the ratio of high cards to low cards that have been dealt from the deck in order to determine when the odds favour the player and when they favour the dealer.

In the Red Seven Count, the player assigns a value of +1 to the red sevens and -1 to the black sevens. All other cards are assigned a value of 0. As the cards are dealt, the player keeps a running count of the values of the cards that have been dealt. If the count is positive, it indicates that there are more high cards left in the deck, and the player has an advantage. If the count is negative, it indicates that there are more low cards left in the deck, and the dealer has an advantage.

Is card Counting illegal?

It is important to note that card counting is not illegal in Canada, but it is frowned upon by many casinos and can get you banned if you get caught. Additionally, it’s not something that is easy to master, it takes practice and dedication. Furthermore, it’s important to know that even if a player is able to count cards and has an advantage, it is still not a guaranteed way to win at blackjack, as there are many other factors that can affect the outcome of the game.

See also our detailed guide Comment compter les cartes au blackjack.

Blackjack betting systems

Blackjack betting systemsWhen it comes to playing blackjack, there are several different betting systems that players can use to manage their bankroll and increase their chances of winning. These systems are designed to help players make more informed decisions about how much to bet and when to change their betting strategy.

Martingale system

One of the most popular betting systems is the Martingale system. The Martingale system is a positive progression system, which means that players increase their bets after a loss. The idea behind this system is that players will eventually win, and when they do, they will recoup all of their previous losses and make a profit. The Martingale system can be a dangerous betting strategy, as it requires a large bankroll, and a long losing streak can put the player in a difficult situation.

The Paroli system

Another popular betting system is the Reverse Martingale System or the Paroli system. It is a positive progression system in which the player increases their bets after a win. The idea behind this system is that players will take advantage of a winning streak by increasing their bets and then lowering them again when they start to lose. This system is considered to be less risky than the Martingale system, but it still requires a large bankroll.

The Fibonacci system

This is a negative progression system in which the player increases their bets after a loss. The Fibonacci sequence is a sequence of numbers in which each number is the sum of the previous two numbers, and the player will adjust their bets according to the sequence. This system is considered to be less risky than the Martingale system, but it still requires a large bankroll, and a long losing streak can put the player in a difficult situation.

The Parlay system is a positive progression system in which the player increases their bets after a win. The idea behind this system is that players will take advantage of a winning streak by increasing their bets, and then lowering them again when they start to lose. This system is considered to be less risky than the Martingale system, but it still requires a large bankroll.

The 1-3-2-6 betting system 

Is a positive progression system in which the player increases their bets after a win. The player starts with a unit bet, and then after the first win, they increase the bet to three units. After the second win, the player increases the bet to two units, and after the third win, they increase the bet to six units. This system is also considered to be less risky than the Martingale system, but it still requires a large bankroll.

The Oscar’s Grind 

Is a positive progression blackjack system, The system is based on the idea that players will eventually win.

The Oscar’s Grind system is a betting system that is commonly used in the game of blackjack. It is a positive progression system, which means that the player increases their bet after a win and decreases their bet after a loss. The idea behind the system is to grind out small wins by increasing the bet incrementally after each win.

The system is based on a sequence of wins and losses. The player starts with a small bet and increases their bet by one unit after each loss. If the player wins, they return to the original bet. The player continues to increase their bet after each loss until they achieve a win. Once a win is achieved, the player returns to the original bet and starts the sequence again. The idea is that the player will ultimately grind out a small profit in the long run.

It is important to note that this system does not change the overall odds of the game. The house edge in blackjack remains the same regardless of the betting system used. The Oscar’s Grind system is not a guaranteed way to make a profit, and players should also be aware of table limits and the risk of losing a large amount of money if they experience a long losing streak.

The Ace Five Count 

This is a card counting system used in the game of blackjack. Like other card counting systems, it is used to track the ratio of high cards to low cards that have been dealt from the deck, in order to determine when the odds favor the player and when they favour the dealer.

In the Ace Five Count, the player assigns a value of +1 to aces and fives, and all other cards are assigned a value of 0. As the cards are dealt, the player keeps a running count of the values of the cards that have been dealt. If the count is positive, it indicates that there are more high cards (Aces and fives) left in the deck, and the player has an advantage. If the count is negative, it indicates that there are more low cards left in the deck, and the dealer has an advantage.

It’s important to note that this system is relatively easy to use, and it doesn’t require the player to keep track of all cards in the deck, which can make it a good option for beginners or those who want to keep things simple.

However, like any other card counting system, it’s important to know that counting cards doesn’t guarantee a profit, and it’s not illegal per se, but it is frowned upon by many casinos and can get you banned if you get caught. Additionally, it takes practice and dedication to master, and good memory and concentration are needed for it.

Last words on Card Counting

Card counting is not illegal, but casinos will most likely ask you to leave if they suspect you of counting cards. Additionally, many casinos use multiple decks and/or continuous shuffling machines, which make card counting much more difficult.

It is important to note that while card counting can give players an advantage over the house, it is not a guaranteed way to win at blackjack, and it can be risky, as many casinos will not tolerate card counters and will ban them from playing. Furthermore, it is important to remember that most casinos use security measures and cameras to monitor players, and it may be hard to be discrete about counting cards.

Overall, card counting can be a legitimate advantage-play strategy in the game of blackjack, but it requires a lot of discipline, practice, and experience to be able to use it efficiently. Moreover, it carries risks such as getting caught, kicked out or banned, or simply not being able to get enough hands in to make it worthwhile.

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